Golf clubs look identical to people who do not know how to play the game. Each club is made from a long shaft with a club head and grip. Club head shapes determine how far and at what angle the ball will be propelled. With practice, a golf player will intuitively select the right club for each shot.
Most sets of golf clubs contain fourteen clubs, three or four of which are calledwoods, one putter, one to three wedges and as many as eight irons. Along with knowing the difference between the types of clubs, a player needs to understand the numbing system that is used to mark the club heads. The number is a measurement of the the loft, or how sharply upward that the ball is projected away from the ground. As the numbers get larger, the club will send the ball for a shorter distance and at a higher angle.
The majority of the varieties of golf clubs will propel golf balls into the air as well as forward. The most commonly used club is known as a putter. This club head propels the ball on the grass. The primary differences between putters is the length of the shaft, generally slightly less than three feet long. The club heads on putters are either blades or mallets with flat bottoms.
Woods are the clubs with the greatest ability to propel the ball. An experienced player can hit the ball at least two hundred feet. While the clubs originally were made with hickory or persimmon wood heads, modern woods are made with steel or alloy metals. Newer woods may even be made from carbon fiber or hollow titanium. These heads are round with flat bottoms, making it easy to move the ball nearly parallel to the grass. Woods have the lowest loft of the varieties of clubs. The low loft and flat bottom make it the best choice for shooting the ball a long distance. A 1-wood has the lowest loft and is able to propel more than any otherwoods, giving it the name of driver. When golfing on a tee or in the fairway, a wood with a higher number is appropriate.
Like the woods, an iron was originally made from the substance it was made from. However, todays irons are made from steel, a much stronger metal. Irons have a medium loft. Using an iron is a good choice for distances under 200 feet. 1-iron and 2-iron are harder for inexperienced players to use, so are not generally included in a standard selection of golf clubs. Most sets will have irons starting with 3 and go as high as 9, with higher lofts and less distance.
Wedge clubs are primarily used for propelling the ball upwards rather than forward.They have an unusually high loft, making them the best club for moving the ball out of sand or grass. They generally do not move the ball more than one hundred and ten to one hundred and thirty feet forward, making them inefficient for moving very far. A standard golf set includes the pitching wedge, a club that has a 46 to 51 degree loft. Lob wedges have a slightly higher loft and gap wedges have the highest loft at as much as 64 degrees.
Centuries ago, there was no standardization to golf clubs, but the United States Golf Association (USGA) and the Royal and Ancient Golf Club of St Andrews (R&A) now have strictly regulated requirements for golf clubs. As styles and newer materials are introduced, rules may be adapted in order to keep competition fair. Guidelines for which clubs are allowed change as newer materials become available for golf club construction. Always make sure to check the latest rules before purchasing a nonstandard set of golf clubs(or other kinds of golf accessories) if they are going to be used in any type of competition.